1Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), Moscow, Russian Federation
There are continued political challenges for the arms control community where entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty is concerned. Amongst other things, the arrival of a new administration in the United States of America has brought a degree of uncertainty regarding the issue. Nonetheless, the arms control community has the opportunity to step back from political issues and focus on how to promote entry into force from other angles. This paper argues that it is time to uncover new platforms for discussing the CTBT. Over the course of the next few years, the paper argues, efforts might be focused on the following: education courses for potential diplomats of the Annex 2 States; summer schools; new international platforms to promote CTBT (for example engaging with the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation that has three Annex 2 States as members, one as an observer and one applying for observer status); and greater involvement of youth in promoting CTBT by forging partnerships with other youth organisations (for example the UN Major Group Youth) and major youth platforms.