A. Puzas1 , D. Baltrunas1 , M. Konstantinova1 , A. Gudelis1 , R. Gvozdaite1 , J. Sapolaite1 , R. Druteikiene1 , E. Lagzdina1 , D. Lingis1 , V. Juzikiene1 , V. Remeikis1
1Institute of Physics, Vilnius, Lithuania
Due to peculiarities of radionuclides dispersion in the atmosphere the fallout, especially if radionuclides are not emitted into the stratosphere by an atmospheric nuclear test conducted, creates an inhomogeneous pattern while air mass travel-path models show definite backward trajectories pointing to the possible emission source. In order to understand the reason for nuclear fallout inhomogeneity up to one hundred soil samples were collected in certain places where the Chernobyl accident plume travelled over. For a reasonably comprehensive sample analysis different techniques were used: HPGe gamma, alpha spectrometry, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry combined with a high sensitivity APEX sample introduction system. Although the mixture of global nuclear tests fallout and the negligible Chernobyl plume emissions prevailed, the results showed a substantial concentration increase (up to one hundred times) of 137Cs and Pu and considerable atomic and isotopic ratios differences of 137Cs/239,240Pu, 238Pu/239,240Pu, 240Pu/239Pu in sampling locations nearby and in medium-scale, sometimes revealing Chernobyl contribution up to 43% in certain places. Places to perform sampling under air mass trajectories of the possible radionuclide emission for the best its detection sensitivity are discussed. The numerical model to explain inhomogeneous fallout depending on various surface and near-ground troposphere parameters is contemplated, too.